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where are coral reefs located

where are coral reefs located

The Red sea coral reef ecosystem is located in the north region of the Indian ocean, between the Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, and extends for 2,000 km (1,240 miles) along the shoreline, which consist mostly of fringing reef formations. Coral reefs are found in the deep sea away from continental shelves, around oceanic islands and atolls. (2) The Wider Caribbean (tropical western Atlantic) – Includes Florida, The Bahamas, Caribbean Sea proper, and coastal waters off northeastern S. America. Coral Reefs are known to be found in over 100 countries throughout the world. Flickr / Nick Graham for Seychelles News Agency The archipelago nation of Seychelles lost up to 90% of its coral reefs after a catastrophic bleaching event in 1998. In this region the conditions are ideal for the abundance of marine biodiversity. Florida is the only state in the continental United States with extensive shallow coral reef formations near its coasts. © 2017 Actforlibraries.org | All rights reserved Coral Reefs are found in all tropical places they are mostly either found 150 feet or 450 feet deep. The coral animals that build tropical reefs require sunlight found in clear, shallow ocean waters. The majority of these islands are volcanic in origin. The biodiversity in the Caribbean coral reef ecosystem comprises approximately 65 known species of hard corals and an approximate number of between 500-700 fish species. Get updates via email on all things coral. The largest coral reef is the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. The Coral reefs in India are mainly restricted to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Gulf of Mannar, Gulf of Kutch, Palk Strait and the Lakshadweep islands. The Red Sea Coral Reef is an amazing undersea world located in between two of the hottest and most arid deserts in the world: the Sahara and the Arabian. Even in the clearest of tropical seas, most photosynthesis only occurs in the relatively thin uppermost 100-200 ft. of the sea. Most reefs are located between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, in the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, the Red Sea, and the Persian Gulf. Why? The Caribbean includes a few atolls, the best known is the Glover’s atoll reef which is located off the coast of Belize. Coral reefs are located in tropical and subtropical areas of the world with decreasing species diversity with increasing latitude (between the Toprical of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn). Where Are Coral Reefs Located? Reef-building corals also require warm water. The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) are a chain of ten small islands and atolls north and west of the eight main Hawaiian Islands and much of this area is encompassed by the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National MonumentExit. Globally, three major regions of coral reef development are generally recognized, each with a somewhat distinctive biota. These are in areas where the depth of water is less than 150-450 feet. Coral reefs are found all over the world, but majority of them re found in a wide belt in the middle third of the Earth that covers the ocean around the equator. Click on thumbnail to buy Coral reefs create specialized habitats that provide shelter, food, and breeding sites for numerous plants and animals. They form a belt in between the Tropic of Capricorn and Tropic of Cancer. Not all corals on the reef are stony corals. The geological features of the Indo-Pacific region permit the formation of the three types of coral reefs, including fringing reefs, barrier reefs and atoll reefs. This region extends along the Caribbean Sea, including south Florida to the north, Bermuda, The Bahamas and the northeastern coastal region of South America. Coral reefs require shallow waters to ensure their survival. The Indo-Pacific region is the largest coral reef development in the world, covering a vast area of the Eastern Indian and Western Pacific oceans. The majority of reef-building corals are found in tropical and subtropical waters. The greater  variety of coral reef formations and biodiversity sets this region apart from other coral reefs in the world. The second largest coral reef can be found off the coast of Belize, in Central America. These are: (1) The Indo-Pacific – Includes most of the Indian Ocean (excluding the Red Sea), and the western Pacific. Approximately 1,200 miles long, this reef, which is over 5,000 years old, is home to 300 hard coral species and about 1,200 fish, of which 10 percent are found only in this area. LOCATION. Around the rim along the top of the reef there are usually low, flat islands or more continuous strips of low, flat land. Most coral reefs are located in tropical shallow waters less than 50 meters deep, in the western regions of the Indian ocean, Pacific Ocean and Greater Caribbean. All of these … Coral reefs are either restricted or absent from along the west coast of the Americas, as well as the west coast of Africa. Although many species may survive brief exposures to more extreme temperatures, the limits tolerated for long periods are from about 17-34 degrees C. – annual temperature regimes mainly restricted to tropical seas. Coral reefs in the Red Sea have developed high tolerance to variations on water temperatures. some regions of the Indo-Pacific still remain unexplored and new species of plants and sea animals still remain to be  discovered. The second largest coral reef can be found off the coast of Belize, in Central America. Coral reefs in the Caribbean provide protection from hurricanes to many coastal communities. Kikaijima is a subtropical island of uplifted coral reefs located in the southwestern part (Ryukyu archipelago) of Japan.Along with several other islands nearby, it comprises Amami Islands– a group of islands that belongs to Kagoshima Prefecture. More than 60% of U.S. coral reefs are found in the extended Hawaiian Island chain which stretches over 1,500 miles in the north central Pacific Ocean (USGS, 2002). Other countries with coral reefs include Belize and the United States (Hawaii). Other reefs are found in Hawaii, the Red Sea, and other areas in … From the approximate number of more than 1200 fish species, it has been estimated that about 10% species of fish found in this region are endemic. One of the reasons that coral reefs are so highly valued is because they serve as a center of activity for marine life. For more information on these regions, use the links (above) to visit the page of our website devoted to each. As the corals grow and expand, reefs take on one of three major characteristic structures—fringing, barrier or atoll.Fringing reefs, which are the most common, project seaward directly from the shore, forming borders along the shoreline and surrounding islands. The coral reef ecosystem of this region hosts the greatest marine biodiversity on Earth. Earth Science. The largest coral reef is the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. The second largest coral reef ecosystems at the tropics are front and among... 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